Dixon G.A.

GEORGE ANDREW DICKSON (1894-1918)

58297 Lance Corporal George Andrew Dickson, 12/13th Northumberland Fusiliers was killed in action 8 September 1918 and is buried at Gouzeaucourt New British Cemetery, France.[1]  He was 24 years old and is commemorated on Copley War Memorial and the memorial plaque in St. John the Evangelist Church, Lynesack.[2]

Family Details

George Andrew was born 1894[3] the son of Robert Roderick and Jennie Dickson.  There were at least 3 children, all born in the Parish of Lynesack and Softley:

  • Margaret Jane bc.1892
  • George Andrew born 1894
  • Laura Florrie bc.1897

In 1901, the family lived with Jennie’s father 80 year old blind, widower George Parkin and her brother 41 year old George William at Copley Lane.  Robert Dickson hailed from Scotland and was a self-employed tailor. Jennie was born at Lynesack.[4]  By 1911, the family lived at Dent Bank, Middleton-in-Teesdale where Robert was employed as a tailor for the Cooperative Society.  17 year old George was an assistant grocer.[5]

Service Details

George Andrew Dickson enlisted at Middleton-in-Teesdale into the Durham Light Infantry and was given the regimental number 30601.   Sometime later he was transferred into the Northumberland Fusiliers being allocated the regimental number 58297.[6]  Lance Corporal Dickson’s service details have not been traced.  He did not enter France until after 31 December 1915, the exact date is unknown. [7]

The 12th (Service) and 13th (Service) Battalions Northumberland Fusiliers were formed at Newcastle in September 1914 as part of K3, Kitchener’s New Army and came under the orders of the 62nd Brigade 21st Division.  The 62nd Brigade comprised the following units:

  • 12th (Service) Bn., Northumberland Fusiliers
  • 13th (Service) Bn., Northumberland Fusiliers
  • 8th, East Yorkshire Regiment left November 1915
  • 10th, Yorkshire Regiment disbanded February 1918
  • 1st, Lincolnshire Regiment joined November 1915
  • 62nd Machine Gun Company joined March 1916 left to move into 21st MG Battalion February 1918
  • 62nd Trench Mortar Battery joined June 1916
  • 3/4th, the Queens August 1917 to February 1918
  • 2nd Bn, Lincolnshire Regiment joined February 1918

In September 1915 the 21st Division landed in France and served on the Western Front for the remainder of the war, taking part in many of the significant actions:[8]

1915
25 September – 8 October: The Battle of Loos

1916
1 – 13 July: The Battle of Albert*
14 – 17 July: The Battle of Bazentin Ridge*
15 – 22 September: The Battle of Flers-Courcelette*
25 – 28 September: The Battle of Morval* in which the Division captured Geudecourt
1 – 18 October: The Battle of Le Transloy*
The battles marked * are phases of the Battles of the Somme 1916

1917
14 March – 5 April: The German retreat to the Hindenburg Line

9 – 14 April: The First Battle of the Scarpe**
3 – 4 May: The Third Battle of the Scarpe**
20 May – 16 June: The flanking operations around Bullecourt**
The battles marked ** are phases of the Arras offensive 1917

10 August 1917: the 12th and 13th Battalions amalgamated becoming the 12/13th Battalion.[9]
26 September – 3 October: The Battle of Polygon Wood***
4 October: The Battle of Broodseinde***
26 October – 10 November: The Second Battle of Passchendaele***
The battles marked *** are phases of the Third Battles of Ypres

30 November – 3 December: The Cambrai Operations

1918
21 – 23 March: The Battle of St Quentin+
24 – 25 March: The First Battle of Bapaume+
The battles marked + are phases of the First Battles of the Somme 1918

10 – 11 April: The Battle of Messines=
25 – 26 April: The Second Battle of Kemmel=
The battles marked = are phases of the Battles of the Lys 1918

27 May – 6 June: The Battle of the Aisne 1918
21 – 23 August: The Battle of Albert++
31 August – 3 September: The Second Battle of Bapaume++
The battles marked ++ are phases of the Second Battles of the Somme 1918

18 September: The Battle of Epehy^
29 September – 2 October: The Battle of the St Quentin Canal^
8 – 9 October: The Battle of Cambrai 1918^
The battles marked ^ are phases of the Battles of the Hindenburg Line

17 – 25 October:  The Battle of the Selle, a phase of the Final Advance in Picardy

L/C Dickson was killed in action, [10] the date of his death being 8 September 1918. [11]  The 21st Division was not involved in any major battle at that time.[12]  It is recorded that 1 officer and 22 other ranks serving with 12/13 Northumberland Fusiliers were killed in action or died of wounds 8 September 1918.[13] The 12/13 War Diary has not been researched therefore the exact circumstances of their deaths is unknown to date.

58297 Lance Corporal G.A Dickson was awarded the British War and Victory medals.[14]

Burial

Lance Corporal G.A. Dickson is buried at grave reference VI.G.6 Gouzeaucourt New British Cemetery, Nord, France.  The cemetery was enlarged after the Armistice when burials were brought in from the battlefields.  There are now 1295 burials, 914 identified.  There are 5 soldiers who served with 12/13 NF who died 8 September and are buried here. [15]

References:

[1] Commonwealth War Graves Commission Note: his name is recorded as Dickison

[2] Lance Corporal G.A. Dickson is commemorated on the Copley War Memorial as G.A. Dixon, the Memorial Plaque in St. John the Evangelist Church, Lynesack as Andrew Dixon and George Andrew Dickson.  CWGC record him as G.A. Dickison, the Infantry Record Office (York) and Medal Roll as George A. Dickson.

[3] England & Wales Birth Index 1837-1915 Vol.10a p.245 Auckland 1894 Q2

[4] 1901 census

[5] 1911 census

[6] Soldiers Died in the Great War Note: his name is given as Dickison and it is recorded that he was born at Tynedock – those transcribing the details for SDGW may not have been familiar with Lynesack.

[7] Medal Roll card index

[8] www.1914-1918.net/21div.htm & http://www.warpath.orbat.com

[9] http://www.1914-1918.net/northfus.htm

[10] Medal Roll card index

[11] CWGC

[12] http://www.warpath.orbat.com/battles_ff/1918_part2.htm

[13] Officers & Soldiers Died in the Great War

[14] Medal Roll card index

[15] CWGC

Photographs:

DICKSON G.A.  Medal Roll

DICKSON G.A.
Medal Roll

DICKSON G.A.  Headstone

DICKSON G.A.
Headstone

One thought on “Dixon G.A.

  1. Pingback: COPLEY | The Fallen Servicemen of Southwest County Durham

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s