Hammond M.

MOSES HAMMOND (1897-1917)

24712 Private Moses Hammond, 2nd Battalion, the King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry was killed in action 3 April 1917 and is buried at Savy British Cemetery, France.[1]  He was 20 years old and is commemorated on the Cockfield War Memorial, the Memorial Plaque in the Cockfield Methodist Church and a family headstone in Cockfield cemetery.

Family Details

Moses was born 1897[2] at Cockfield to Thomas and Elizabeth Hammond.  There were at least 5 children, all born at Cockfield:

  • Ernest H. bc.1889
  • George W. bc.1893
  • Ruben bc.1895
  • Moses bc.1897
  • Annie bc.1900

In 1901, the family lived at Esperley Lane.  Thomas worked as a coal miner (labourer).[3]  In 1911, they lived at 13 Mayfield Terrace, Cockfield.  Thomas was a coal miner (hewer), Ernest was a bricklayer, Reuben a coal miner (wagon putter) and 14 year old Moses was unemployed.[4]

Service Details

The service record of Private M. Hammond and the war diary of the 2nd Battalion, King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (KOYLI) have not been researched.  He enlisted at Darlington into the 2/KOYLI and was given the regimental number 24712.[5]  He did not enter France until after 31 December 1915.[6]

2/KOYLI was a Regular Army battalion and part of the 13th Brigade, 5th Division at the beginning of the war.  It landed at Le Havre in August 1914 then in December 1915 it was transferred to 97th Brigade, 32nd Division.[7]  The following units formed the 97th Brigade:

  • 11th, the Border Regiment
  • 15th, the Highland Light Infantry (HLI) left January 1916
  • 16th, HLI
  • 17th, HLI
  • 2/KOYLI joined December 1915
  • 97th MCG joined March 1916
  • 97th Trench Mortar Battery joined March 1916 [8]

The 32nd Division was involved in the Battle of the Somme viz. the Battles of Albert, Bazentin and Ancre and in 1917 operations on the Ancre and then the pursuit of the German Retreat to the Hindenburg Line, 14 March-5 April. The 32nd Division was part of the 4th Corps Fourth Army.[9]

2/KOYLI lost 30 other ranks killed in action or died of wounds during the pursuit including 16 other ranks killed in action 3 April 1917, one of whom was Private M. Hammond.  No officers were killed. [10]  The village of Savy was taken by the 32nd Division 1 April 1917 after heavy fighting and Savy Wood was taken 2 April 1917.  Without researching the 2/KOYLI war diary further details are uncertain.

Private M. Hammond was awarded the British War and Victory medals. [11]

Burial

Private M. Hammond is buried at grave reference I.J.22, Savy British Cemetery, west of St. Quentin, France.  The cemetery was made in 1919 when graves from the battlefields and smaller cemeteries were concentrated into it.  There are over 850 commonwealth soldiers from WW1 buried here, over half are unidentified.[12] The 32nd Division formed Savy Wood North Cemetery during April and May 1917 which contained 44 British graves and it is likely that Private M. Hammond was initially laid to rest here.[13]

References:

[1] Commonwealth War Graves Commission

[2] England & Wales 1837-1915 Birth Index Vol.10a p.264 Teesdale Q2 1897

[3] 1901 census

[4] 1911 census Note: Albert Horn aged 14 is recorded as “son”

[5] Soldiers Died in the Great War

[6] Medal Roll card index

[7] http://www.1914-1918.net/KOYLI.htm

[8] http://www.1914-1918.net/32div.htm

[9] http://www.warpath.orbat.com/battles_ff/1917.htm

[10] Officers & Soldiers Died in the Great War

[11] Medal Roll card index

[12] CWGC

[13] CWGC

Photographs:

HAMMOND M. Headstone

HAMMOND M. Headstone

Cockfield Methodist Church Memorial Plaque

Cockfield Methodist Church Memorial Plaque

HAMMOND FAMILY HEADSTONE

HAMMOND FAMILY HEADSTONE

One thought on “Hammond M.

  1. Pingback: COCKFIELD | The Fallen Servicemen of Southwest County Durham

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