11550 Lance Corporal Thomas Preston Maughan, 2nd Battalion, the Royal Scots died 21 July 1919[1] and is buried in West Auckland cemetery.  He was 26 years old and is commemorated on the West Auckland War Memorial and the Roll of Honour, West Auckland Memorial Hall.

Family Details

Thomas Preston Maughan was born 18 August 1892 [2] the son of Edward and Ellen Maughan.  There were at least 4 children all born at West Auckland: [3]

  • John bc.1890
  • Thomas Preston born 1892
  • Ethel bc.1897
  • Edward bc.1905

In 1891, the family lived at Johnson Street, West Auckland and 27 year old Edward worked as a coal miner.[4]  In 1901, the family lived at Raby Street and Edward was then described as “a colliery deputy overman.” [5]  In 1911, they are recorded living at 2 Raby Street, Edward was still a deputy overman and by then 18 year old Thomas was employed as “a bakery van man.” [6]  At the time of his death, Thomas was employed as an “electric switch man” [presumably at a colliery]. [7]

Service Details

Thomas Preston Maughan served with the 6 Battalion, the Durham Light Infantry his local Territorial Force prior to attesting with the Royal Scots 18 November 1913.  He was then 21 years 3 months old and his trade is recorded as “Tobacconist.” [8]  On that day, he underwent a medical examination and considered fit for the Army.  He was 6ft 2½” tall, weight 159 lbs, fresh complexion, blue eyes, brown hair.[9]  T.P. Maughan joined the 2nd Battalion, the Royal Scots and was given the regimental number 11550 then 4 February 1914 was appointed “Bandsman.”  11 August 1914 he was transferred to the 3rd (Reserve) Battalion which remained in the UK throughout the war.  He was promoted to Lance Corporal 2 February 1916. [10]

Lance Corporal T.P. Maughan served a total of 4 years 192 days including 114 days with the BEF in France from 24 December 1917 to 16 April 1918. [11]  Initially, he was posted to 2/Royal Scots but was transferred to the 15th Battalion 7 January 1918.  The 15th (Service) Battalion (1st Edinburgh) was formed in September 1914 in Edinburgh and recruited in Manchester.  It landed in France in January 1916 and came under the orders of 101st Brigade 34th Division.  It was involved in the Battle of St. Quentin in March 1918 as the German spring offensive hit the British Army on the Somme. [12]  Details of the 15/Royal Scots in action during this battle have not been researched.

Lance Corporal T.P. Maughan returned home 16 April 1918, was posted to the depot 17 April 1918.[13] Following consideration of his case by the Medical Board 7 May 1918, he was considered to be physically unfit as a result of vascular disease of the heart due to “strain of service” and he was discharged 28 May 1918. Thomas Maughan died 21 July 1919. [14]   He died as a result of “vascular disease of the heart”. [15]

Lance Corporal T.P. Maughan was awarded the British War and Victory medals.[16]


Lance Corporal T.P. Maughan is buried in a private grave at West Auckland Cemetery.[17]  The headstone reads:[18]

“In loving memory of Ellen beloved wife of Edward Maughan died 12 Jan. 1954 aged 87 yrs.  Edward Maughan died 10 Mar. 1944 aged 80 yrs.  Thomas Preston Maughan beloved son of Edward and Ellen died 21 Jul. 1919 Aged 26 yrs.”


Lance Corporal Thomas Preston Maughan is commemorated on the West Auckland War Memorial and the Roll of Honour, West Auckland Memorial Hall.


[1] Army Form Award Sheet – Disablement Pension & Medal Roll

[2] Army Form Award Sheet – Disablement Pension & England & Wales 1837-1915 Birth Index Vol.10a p.259 Auckland 1892 Q3

[3] 1891, 1901 & 1911 census Note: Army Form records a brother another named Reginald

[4] 1891 census

[5] 1901 census

[6] 1911 census

[7] Death certificate registered 22 July 1919

[8] Army Form B.265

[9] Description on Enlistment

[10] Statement of the Services

[11] Military History Sheet

[12] &

[13] Statement of the Services

[14] Army Form Award Sheet – Disablement Pension

[15] Death certificate registered 22 July 1919

[16] Medal Roll card index Note: he is recorded as a private

[17] Note:  To date I have not located the grave.  It does not have CWHC headstone.

[18] “West Auckland Cemetery: Monumental Inscriptions” Cleveland, N. Yorks. & S. Durham Family History Society compiled by Carol A. McLee


MAUGHAN TP Headstone


MAUGHAN T.P. Medal Roll

Medal Roll