Robinson J

JOHN ROBINSON (1891 – 1915)

26969 Private John Robinson, 14th Battalion, the Durham Light Infantry died of wounds 7 October 1915.  He was 26 years old and is buried at Etaples Military Cemetery, France[1] and is commemorated on the St. Helen’s Colliery Memorial Cottages.

Family Details

John, known as Jack, was born 1891 at Woodhouse Close, Bishop Auckland, the son of Thomas and Judith Ann Robinson.  There were 6 children:

  • Thomas born c.1876 at Woodhouses
  • Margaret born c.1880 at Croxdale
  • William born c.1882 at Butcher’s Race
  • Ethel born c.1885 at Woodhouse Close
  • Robert born c.1888 ditto
  • John born c.1891 ditto

In 1901, the family lived a Woodhouses, north of St. Helen’s Auckland.  Thomas senior and his oldest son Thomas both worked as coke drawers and William was a labourer at the coke ovens.  Margaret was an assistant school master.[2]  By 1911, sons Thomas and William were not at home, Margaret was still teaching (the National School, South Church), Robert was a “journeyman painter” Thomas and his youngest son John were labourers, at the coke ovens and colliery respectively. [3]

Service Record

Jack aged 23 years 3 months attested 8 September 1914 and underwent a medical that day.  He stood 5ft. 8½” tall and weighed 134lbs.  He had a fresh complexion, brown eyes and light brown hair.  His religion was Church of England.  He worked as a miner and was considered fit for service. [4]

He was posted to the 14th Battalion, Durham Light Infantry from the depot 9 September 1914 and given the regimental number 26969.[5]  The 14th (Service) Battalion, DLI was formed at Newcastle in September 1914 as part of Kitchener’s New Army K3 and came under orders of the 64th Brigade, 21st Division.[6]  Other battalions in the 64th Brigade were:

  • 9th, the King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry
  • 10th, the King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry
  • 15th, Durham Light Infantry [7]

Training took place at Aylesbury, Halton Park, High Wycombe and Witley Camp.[8]  The battalion landed at Boulogne 11 September 1915 and the 64th Brigade was soon heavily involved in action at the Battle of Loo, 25 September – 8 October.[9]  At 1.00am 26 September, the 14/DLI and 15/DLI passed the old British front line and at 2.00am reached the old German front line north of the mining town of Loos.  14/DLI was selected to reinforce the 63rd Brigade which was facing a hostile German counter attack in Chalk Pit Wood.  By 10.30, the advance was under considerable shell and machine gun fire and a general advance was ordered at 11.00am.  The Durhams suffered from heavy enfilade machine gun fire from Chalk Pit Wood.  The position of the 64th Brigade was subject to intense shell fire and the bombardment continued until dusk.  They were relieved in the early morning of the 27th.  Losses in the ranks amounted to 277 and 450, 14/DLI and 15/DLI respectively. [10]    Private Jack Robinson was one of the casualties.  He died of wounds at 7.45pm 7 October 1915 in O.C. 1 the Canadian General Hospital, Etaples.[11]  He had suffered gunshot wounds (GSW) to the thigh and leg.[12]

Later research records that 14/DLI lost 4 officers and 54 other ranks killed in action and/or died of wounds between 25 and 10 October 1915.  The 15/DLI lost 4 officers and 101 other ranks during the same period. [13]

Private Jack Robinson served a total of 1 year 30 days, 27 days in France.[14]  He was awarded the 1914-15 Star, the British War and Victory medals.[15]

A fellow worker at St. Helen’s Colliery was 26954 Corporal T. Pratt who attested 7 September 1914 survived this engagement.  They were probably known to each other.  Corporal Pratt was killed in action 18 September 1916 at the Battle of Flers-Courcelette and is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial. [16]

Burial

26929 Private Jack Robison is buried at grave reference III.C.11, Etaples Military Cemetery, France.  His headstone is inscribed:

“Rest in Peace”

The inscription was provided by his mother, his father having died.  The cemetery register records Mrs. Robinson’s christian name as Julia.  The 1901 and 1911 census details record it as Judith.

During WW1, the area around Etaples was the scene of immense concentrations of Commonwealth reinforcement camps and hospitals.  It was remote from attack except from aircraft and accessible by railway from both the northern and southern battlefields.  The cemetery contains 10,771 Commonwealth burials. [17]

References:

[1] Commonwealth War Graves Commission

[2] 1901 census

[3] 1911 census

[4] Army Form B.178

[5] Army Form B.2065 Short Service

[6] http://www.1914-1918.net/dli.htm

[7] http://www.1914-1918.net/21div.htm

[8] http://www.1914-1918.net/dli.htm

[9] www.1914-1918.net/21div.htm & http://www.warpath.orbat.coom/battles_ff/1915.htm

[10] “The Durham Forces in the Field 1914-18” Captain W. Miles 1920 p.20-24

[11] Post Office Telegraphs 8 Oct.1915

[12] Army Form B.103 Casualty Form – active service

[13] Officers & Soldiers Died in the Great War

[14] Army Form B.2065 inside pages

[15] Medal Roll card index

[16] Commonwealth War Graves Commission

[17] Commonwealth War Graves Commission

Photographs:

ROBINSON J. Headstone

ROBINSON J.
Headstone

ROBINSON J. Medal Roll

ROBINSON J.
Medal Roll

 

One thought on “Robinson J

  1. Pingback: ST.HELEN’S | The Fallen Servicemen of Southwest County Durham

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s